GEOIP IN PYTHON 

 What is IP ?

 IP address stands for internet protocol address . it is a numerical label assigned to each device .

GeoIp  is a library  it can be used access to Geoip databases.

             it refers to the method of locating a computer terminal's geographic location by identifying that terminal's IP address

 MaxMind The MaxMind Database  file format is a database format that maps IPv4 and IPv6 addresses to data  using an efficient binary search tree . It can be also Used to online fraud detection.

                        Python 2.5 or 3.4 version  onwards
                        GeoIP C Library 1.4.8 or greater

                   pip install python-geoip

 If you  want the free MaxMind Geolite2 database then

                            pip install python-geoip-geolite2


>>> from geoip import geolite2
>>> match = geolite2.lookup('')
>>> match is not None
>>> match.continent
>>> match.timezone
Eastern Daylight Time'
>>> match.subdivisions
>>> from geoip import open_database
>>> db = open_database('path/to/my.mmdb')

Application programming interface (API):

       it is used to open a given database

2.class geoip.Database:
            it is used to Provides access to a GeoIP database
3. close():
          it is used to close database.The whole object can also be used as a context manager. Databases that are packaged up  do not need to be closed.


Returns an info object about the database. This can be used to check for the build date of the database or what provides the GeoIP data.

5. get_metadata():
      Return the metadata dictionary of the loaded database. This dictionary is specific to the database provider.

6. class geoip.IPInfo(ipdata):
       Provides information about the located IP as returned by Database.lookup().


          The most prevalent application of GeoIP involves geo-targeting, or determining a computer's location in order to tailor content specifically for that location. 
           Geo-targeting is most often used for targeted advertising, statistical research, spam prevention, and for restricting access based on location.
            The way the IP-based geolocation works is simply by checking which IP range is used by which area, using an IP-to-location database.Once they connect to your site you already know their IP address,so just by using the Users Insights Geolocation module, you can find their location. %

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