Python program to construct a complete binary tree from given array.














































Python program to construct a complete binary tree from given array.



Description:
To create  a binary tree from an array, we will use level order fashion for insertion of elements in the tree.
Here is an example to make you understand clearly...
Array :-  arr =[1,2,3,4,5,6,7]  
Expected Output:       
So from this example we can see that, if parent node is at the index i in the array then the left child
of that node is at the index (2*i+1) and right child is at index(2*i+2) in the array. Using this concept, we can easily insert the left and right nodes by choosing its parent node.
We will insert the first element of array as the root of the tree at level 0 and start traversing the array and for every node  i we will insert its both child's left and right in the tree.

Program:
class newNode: def __init__(self, data): self.data = data self.left = self.right = None # Function to insert nodes in level order def levelOrderInsertion(arr, root, i, n): # Base case for recursion if i < n: temp = newNode(arr[i]) root = temp # insert left child root.left = levelOrderInsertion(arr, root.left, 2 * i + 1, n) # insert right child root.right = levelOrderInsertion(arr, root.right, 2 * i + 2, n) return root # Function to print tree nodes in # PreOrder fashion def preOrder(root): if root!=None: preOrder(root.left) preOrder(root.right) print(root.data,end=" ") # Driver Code if __name__ == '__main__': arr = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,7] n = len(arr) root = None root = levelOrderInsertion(arr, root, 0, n) preOrder(root)



Output:
4 5 2 6 7 3 1 
>>> 

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