C++ std::partition_point with multiset














































C++ std::partition_point with multiset



Implementable on C++11/14/17

Description:

partition_point( ) is a Standard Template Library function under the <algorithm> header 
which returns a iterator pointing the position where the partition is present in an already partitioned container.

partition_point( ) Definition:

template <class ForwardIterator, class UnaryPredicate>
ForwardIterator partition_point (ForwardIterator first, ForwardIterator last, UnaryPredicate pred);

Return type: returns an iterator indicating the point of partition.

Working: The function partition_point() takes in 3 parameters, start position and end position iterators of the container and 
                  a predicate function which returns a boolean value (true or false).The function traverses the container from first
                  position to last, up till the point where the first value for which the predicate return value is false is encountered
                  Once encountered, iterator pointing to that location is returned.
 
Container used here:- std::multiset. Multisets are associative containers that can have multiple elements with same values.

Implementation:

#include <iostream>
#include <set>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

//Predicate function to check whether the character element is an uppercase letter or not
bool isUpperCase(char ch)
{
	if(isupper(ch))
		return true;

	return false;
}

//Driver
int main(int argc, char const *argv[])
{
   multiset<char> arr{'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h'};    //The first container, already partitioned

   multiset<char> :: iterator it = partition_point(arr.begin(), arr.end(), isUpperCase);	//Finding the partition point

   //printing the two partitions

   cout<<"UpperCase letters:"<<endl;
   for(auto beg = arr.begin() ; beg != it ; beg++)
   	cout<<*beg<<" ";

   cout<<endl;

   cout<<"LowerCase letters:"<<endl;
   for(auto beg = it ; beg != arr.end() ; beg++)
   	cout<<*beg<<" ";

   cout<<endl;

   return 0;
}

Sample Output:
gs_katti@gsk-47534B:~/Desktop/CppSecret/algorithm_header$ ./a.out
UpperCase letters:
A B C D 
LowerCase letters:
e f g h 

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